In Quran, following fruits and vegetables have been mentioned: date, olive, pomegranate, grape, banana, fig, cucumber, garlic, lentil and onion. Some of the verses that contains these words are here:

1- Chapter: 6 , Verse: 141

and he it is who produces gardens (of vine), trellised and untrellised, and palms and seed-produce of which the fruits are of various sorts, and olives and pomegranates, like and unlike; eat of its fruit when it bears fruit, and pay the due of it on the day of its reaping, and do not act extravagantly; surely he does not love the extravagant

2- Chapter: 13 , Verse: 4

and in the earth there are tracts side by side and gardens of grapes and corn and palm trees having one root and (others) having distinct roots-- they are watered with one water, and we make some of them excel others in fruit; most surely there are signs in this for a people who understand

3- Chapter: 16 , Verse: 11

he causes to grow for you thereby herbage, and the olives, and the palm trees, and the grapes, and of all the fruits; most surely there is a sign in this for a people who reflect

4- Chapter: 56 , Verse: 29

and banana-trees (with fruits), one above another

5- Chapter: 95 , Verse: 1

i swear by the fig and the olive,

6- Chapter: 2 , Verse: 61

and when you said: o musa! we cannot bear with one food, therefore pray lord on our behalf to bring forth for us out of what the earth grows, of its herbs and its cucumbers and its garlic and its lentils and its onions. he said: will you exchange that which is better for that which is worse? enter a city, so you will have what you ask for. and abasement and humiliation were brought down upon them, and they became deserving of allah's wrath; this was so because they disbelieved in the communications of allah and killed the prophets unjustly; this was so because they disobeyed and exceeded the limits

7- Chapter: 19 , Verse: 25

and shake towards you the trunk of the palmtree, it will drop on you fresh ripe dates